Free software is software that can be freely used, modified, and redistributed with only one restriction: any redistributed version of the software must be distributed with the original terms of free use, modification, and distribution (known as copyleft).
“Free software” means software that respects users’ freedom and community. Roughly, it means that the users have the freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software. Thus, “free software” is a matter of liberty, not price. To understand the concept, you should think of “free” as in “free speech,” not as in “free beer”. We sometimes call it “libre software,” borrowing the French or Spanish word for “free” as in freedom, to show we do not mean the software is gratis.
We campaign for these freedoms because everyone deserves them. With these freedoms, the users (both individually and collectively) control the program and what it does for them. When users don’t control the program, we call it a “nonfree” or “proprietary” program. The nonfree program controls the users, and the developer controls the program; this makes the program an instrument of unjust power.
A program is free software if the program’s users have the four essential freedoms:
- The freedom to run the program as you wish, for any purpose (freedom 0).
- The freedom to study how the program works, and change it so it does your computing as you wish (freedom 1). Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
- The freedom to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor (freedom 2).
- The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to others (freedom 3). By doing this you can give the whole community a chance to benefit from your changes. Access to the source code is a precondition for this.
For me, all software must not be free. There are software that must be purchased only by a specific type of people in our society. Software that are freed must be the ones that are just used in general terms and areas or as commonly used software. If all software will be free, some of them might be used in their reverse functions.
The following are some well known Free Software:
|Operating Systems||General Utilities||Languages||Windowing Systems||Desktop Environments||Web Browsers||Productivity Applications||Office Suites||Server-type software|
|Linux (or GNU/Linux)FreeBSD
||The X Window System
|GNOMEKDE||Mozilla (Netscape 6)||ABIWordGNU Image Manipulation Program||Open OfficeKOffice||SambaApache|
Rusel II B. Feliscuzo 🙂