I. Factors that affect the status of being poor of the Indian Country:
For me, there are three main reasons or factors within the country affecting its staus, why it is still poor:
a.) High population growth rate
Ever increasing population is not a direct cause of poverty but it is an effect. It is rightly said that excess of everything is bad. This is true in this case as well. More people mean the need of more resource, food etc. But if this surplus is trained in a right way then it can take part in the economic development of the country. (by Ramandeep Kaur)
b.) Unequal Distribution of Wealth
“India happens to be a rich country inhabited by very poor people. “– Dr Manmohan Singh
Unfortunately, since departure of the colonial British in 1947 all economic development has taken place in the cities, while the majority of the population lives in the countryside. Thus, the rural India has always remained neglected. Another peculiarity is the land holding pattern in India: most land has traditionally been under the control of a few landlords, leaving the vast majority landless. The “Zamindari system” of lopsided land ownership has ancient origin but given a boost during the British rule. Handful zamindars became legal owners of vast tracts of land and all others had to work for them to survive. This rent seeking exploitative system has since kept a vast majority of people in the rural India poor. Land reforms were debated noisily after independence but implementation lacked honest political will, despite the famous “Bhoodan Andolan” of Vinoba Bhave. Unfortunately, land reforms are no more an issue of public debates at present. All talks of poverty removal appear to center only around economic reforms, imitating the unsuitable Western capitalism.
c.) Mentality of poor
Not only external factors but also the internal will of poor people to remain poor is an obstacle. You must have seen healthy beggars at red light. if they are asked to do task instead of begging then their simple answer is no. Even their kids do not go to school but just beg. They can never come out of this vivacious cycle of begging and poverty. To come out of poverty one has to change his or her mind. Poor must understand the importance of education and its lifelong benefits. There is no shortage of jobs in India. Even if you are not educated you have enough jobs like wrapping the color, adding buttons to the already stitched clothes and sweaters, making boards for electronic goods etc. I have seen people earning from these kinds of jobs and sending their kids to school to have a better future.
India needs great political leaders to push the nation in a forward direction. Productivity and how to use human resource for the productivity must be focused. India must educate its every child so that a resource can be added. India must have a clear economic vision and a great system is place to execute this. Confused ideologies must be separated from the clear-cut and result oriented ones. India must be free from corruption to become rich. (by Ramandeep Kaur)
II. Latest Indian invention / discovery
Gravitational waves discovery: Indian scientists’ role hailed
PUNE: Former Atomic Energy Commission chairman Anil Kakodkar today congratulated the team of Indian scientists who contributed to the research on gravitational waves calling it a “great day”.
Reacting to the announcement at a gathering of scientists of Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA) here, he said, “I wish the Indian detector was already in place.”
Eminent astrophysicist Jayant Narlikar described the event as “a remarkable discovery saying this is the time to recall the contribution of the pioneers”, who started the quest for discovering gravitational waves.
One of the IUCAA founder members Sanjeev Dhurandhar had discussed the topic of starting research in this field at nascent stage and later it was taken up and intensified, Narlikar who started IUCAA in 1988, said drawing a loud cheer from the assemblage.
Noted scientist C V Vishweswairya, who was also present on the occasion, described the discovery as a “historic moment”, which is “overwhelming”.
The IUCAA is part of the ‘IndiGO-LSC’ group, which carries out research on gravitational waves with participation of different scientists from all over the country.
Former director of IUCAA, Ajit Kembhavi, said the Indian scientific community contributed greatly in developing methods for analysing the data received from the two detectors in America.
He also added that the IUCAA is seeking to set up a high performance computer for its further analysis.