India is considered as one of the oldest civilisation in the world and Indians as the soul of very discoveries and inventions, right from invention of dams & bridges in high middle ages to invention of ‘0’ by Aryabhatta, contribution of wireless communication by Jagdish C Bose or Satyendra Nath Bose contribution of Bose–Einstein statistics in quantum physics.
It was Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose, India who for the first time to the world shows experimentally that the plants are living and have feelings like other living organisms, consume food and sleep during nights, can have wounds which was otherwise considered as chemical nature.
Controversies were also there which says it was Shivkar Bapuji Talpade, Maharashtra, India in year 1895 when first airplane was flown and that’s too unmanned airplane, 8 years before Wright brothers got famous for.All The While, in today’s modern world there are many things which was once considered as luxurious are now necessities of life like computers, internet, TV etc. Below are some of the important inventions of modern science & technology having Indian contributions.
Ajay Bhatt: For Inventing USB
An Indian graduated from Baroda city, Ajay Bhatt paved the way for Intel to bring disruptive and now widely used technologies such as USB (Universal Serial Bus), AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port), PCI Express, Platform Power management architecture and many more chipset enhancements.
Ajay hold 10 US patents on his name for his various inventions and many more pending in file. Ajay joined Intel in 1990 and now he is Intel’s Chief I/O architect. View Ajay Bhatt profile on Intel official website.
Arun Netravali: For HDTV
Arun is yet another IITian, Electrical engineer (IIT-Mumbai) known for pioneering contributions that transformed TV from analog to digital especially the development of HDTV technology at Bell Labs in the 1990s.
His work led to development of a video encoder which today is being used by more than 150 TV channels for their HDTV broadcasts, surprising isn’t it. Arun Netravalu worked for NASA, tought in MIT, worked in Bell Labs as President, Lucent Technologies as Chief scientist.
Krishna Bharat: For Google News & first ever ‘News’ aggregator
Krishan Bharat who is Principal research Scientist at Google Inc. is responsible for developing Google News which is an automated news aggregator provided by Google Inc where not a single person is involved in the altering of the front page or story promotion unlike to traditional news portal it’s just tweaking the aggregation algorithm which pulled the news all over the web.
Krishna Bharat is also 2003 World Technology Award winner for Media & Journalism, moreover he is also responsible for founding Google’s R&D Center in Bangalore, India in 2004 and heading the operation for 18 months.
Narinder Singh Kapany: For Fibre Optics
In 1960 Dr.Narinder Singh Kapany, wrote an article in Scientific American which coined a new term, which is called – ‘Fiber Optics’. He is an Indian born American physicist known for his pioneer research work in fiber optics and considered as one of the founders of fiber optics and popularly called as first light-bender, an important invention used in voice, data, and video transmission technologies and even used for medical purpose such as endoscopy, bronchoscopy.
Narinder Singh Kapany was one of a unsung heroes, as described by Fortune magazine in 1999. While working in ordnance factory after graduation, Kapany thought that light need not travel in a straight line, that it could be bent.
Unlike to many, he is a non-IITian and rather graduated from Agra university, done Ph.D from prestigious Imperial College of London in 1955 and noticeably, he has more than 120 patents to his name.
Vinod Dham For Pentium Processors
He is known as the Father of Pentium microprocessor chip, a very popular term in computer world and even in consumers when 80386, 80486 processors used to rule the world’s computers, it’s the Pentium processor which broke the ice. Working for company Intel he invented a highly successful ‘Pentium’ processors.
Vinod is also co-inventor of the flash memory technology, popularly known as SD cards widely used in USB drives, digital cameras and many other storage devices. Apart from Intel he worked for prestigious companies like AMD, NCR Corporations and holds graduation degree in Electrical Engineering from Delhi College of Engineering.
Presently Vinod is founding MD of Indo US Venture Partners, an investment company with focus on investing in Indian companies & startups of varied sectors.
So why is India poor?
1-The 3 major national ruling parties of India which set the ideologies and direction of the country are controlled by upper castes who maintain policies that benefit them 1-BJP (orthodox Brahmin party controlled by militant Brahmans) 2-Congress (pseudo secular Brahmin party. Its leader Rahul Gandhi declared in a election speech “I am also a Brahmin” 3- Communist left -CPM where the leaders are Brahmans. The Brahmin -Feudal or landlord caste alliance defines the power-privilege matrix of India.
2- The policies since independence have been to protect this caste cartel. 1-Meaningful Land reforms were killed. 2- A 2 track education system was implemented where the upper castes went to English medium schools with good teachers and higher education was in English. Lower castes were educated in schools without basic infrastructure and bad or missing teachers in local language. But the higher education was in English to benefit upper caste who attended English medium.3-Nationalization of Banks led to money transfer to the upper castes. Businesses were not merit based but on ability to get bank loans through caste connections
3-India is made of several linguistic nationalities/people power is highly centralized and controlled by a cartel of upper castes at a federal level in Delhi. States treated as subservient colonies much like the erstwhile USSR where Kremlin controlled diverse groups. This type of structure makes it impossible for the oppressed people (lower castes) to engage in collective action and impact change. They don’t even understand each others language
4- The corruption in India is concentrated among the upper castes, the lack of rule of law is intentional. This is ensured to keep the caste order intact with the upper castes stealing and indulging in violent behavior with impunity. As per a report 87% of Indian media is controlled by the upper castes and is so low down in level of thinking that a popular national anchors like Rajdeep Sardesai tweeted how proud he was that a Brahmin became chief minister of Goa. Its like a white person in America tweeting how proud he was of white success.
India will be poor as long as it is ruled as one centralised unit by the upper castes. Autonomy to states, decentralisation of power and caste equality mandatory for India to be a viable country.
Several Indians have contributed to the knowledge that we now have. In the past, Indians have been credited with breakthroughs ranging from zero to medicine to astronomy.
In the recent times, there have been scientists from all fields that were Indians:
- A lot of them had left the country, by the time they were well-known or did their research outside India – including the mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan, physicist Chandrashekhar and recently Prof.Raj Reddy. There are a lot of such people in both the academia and the industry outside of India.
- There were others (less in numbers, though) that lived in India and were well known, most notably, C.V.Raman, Satyendranath Bose, Homi Bhabha.
- Then there are the lesser known ones that lived in India, that are well known in niche spaces. They did not get Nobels, but their contributions are recognized by their peers in the respective field. One of my close friends, a well-known theoretical physicist in the country, once told me that there are quite a few important contributions to fundamental sciences (physics, chemistry, statistics, etc) from Indian institutes (TIFR, IISc, IITs, ISI, MatScience, etc).
- Then there are also research establishments like Microsoft Research, Tata Research and Bosch where there are several Indians involved in research. Their individual contributions just don’t get sung in public, though, they might be well known among their peers. I know some of those names in computer science, but nobody else.
Here are also two other things to consider:
- Indians collaborate on several “break-through” research, though recognition might not always be there.
- When an Indian performs research in affiliation with a non-Indian institute / corporation, who gets the credit? Are NRIs’ contributions Indians’ contributions too? 🙂
This condition is true of research / researchers from several countries, except may be for some countries like the USA, UK, Russia where the spending on research is pretty high.
-Judems Daub BSIT-III